Not all dogs need formal obedience training but it does make a better animal. To a large extent training is whatever works for you. There are a zillion books on the subject but - lets face it - your puppy hasn't read one of them.
What ever you do, don't over train your dog. You cannot train a puppy day in and day out without a break. You have to let him be a dog now and then. Once he has learned his little routines, you should probably put him through his paces once a week to jog his memory.
Remember a good Trainer trains with praise and kindness, not punishment.
BE THE PACK LEADER
In order to have a puppy listen to you, you need to be the pack leader or in a dominant position over your dog. You need to make the dog see you as the dominant and have the dog take the submissive role.
- Don't leave food down all the time (you have to make the dog know it needs you and that as the pack leader, you supply the food)
- Make the dog sit and wait until you tell the dog it can take the food. (you are the boss, the food is yours until you give the ok)
- Get your scent on the dog food and place it in the dogs bowl. (In the wild the dominant dogs eat first, lower pack members will sniff the food and make sure the dominant dogs have had what they wanted of it before taking it. You want force the dogs natural instinct, by placing your sent in her bowl will help her to see you are above her, but you need to play the part, be the boss)
- don't pick the dog up.
- don't let the dog on the furniture, that tells the dog it is an equal with you.
- do the umbilical (dog on leash, leash hooked to you. The dog follows you as you do your every day activities around the house. Dog is always behind you, if it attempts to go ahead, step in front and cut her off. Always go through door ways first and up or down stairs first, the dog follows you) Even when the leash is not on this is how it should be. If you are walking by the dog should move for you, you should not go around the dog, that shows submission to the dog and the dog is then the boss again.
Sometimes you can unintentionally reinforce undesirable behavior in a dog by saying something in the wrong tone of voice. If your dog is barking at a stranger and you say in a soothing voice "That's okay, it's allright" What your dog is hearing is good job for barking! Your soft tone praises him for the behavior even though with your words you may be trying to tell him to stop. This is also the same when your dog is scared or afraid. By talking in soothing tones, or in baby talk you will reinforce the behavior and make him think there is something to be afraid of. Instead, use a strong firm voice and say "No bark". The more in control you seem the more relaxed your dog will be.
Your goal should be to provide your dogs with the same calm-assertive leadership that they would experience in a pack.
Before you get your dog to learn you must first get him to pay attention. To make him pay attention you must make it worth his while.
Attach a leash to you dog's collar. Hold the leash in your left hand. Face your dog and put a tiny treat between your right thumb and index finger. Say "Watch me" storke the treat along the dog;s muzzle, past his nose and up to the outside corner of your right eye. If the dog make eye contact with you, quietly tell him "good dog" and give him the treat. Repeat this several times. Soon you'll be able to eliminate the stroke along the muzzle to your eye; your dog will give you eye contact with just the command.
The sit can de easlity taught with a treat and a little physical help. Your puppy should be in a relatively calm mood to teach her sit. With her standing in front of you and facing to your right, show her the treat and say "sit" and move the treat to her nose and slightly over her head. At the same time, lightly pushing down on her rump. If the dogs sits, immediately give her the treat and praise. Keep the praise calm so that you can repeat the exercise several times.Within a few tries the dog will sit without the touch on her rump and you can tell her "sit" and not offer the treat until she does.
Ask your puppy to sit, with the leash hanging down from her collar. Give the command "down" while moving the treat down between her front paws. Give a slight tug with the leash toward the ground. As soon as her elbows touch the ground in the down position give her a treat.
Puppies will have the instinct to jump up on you in order to lick your face and show how obedient and happy they are to be near you. Teach them off while removing their paws from you. You can reward them while all paws are on the ground. "Off" is usually followed by the "Sit" command. If before you give attention to you dog you ask them to "Sit" you r dog will always great newcomers in a sit position in order to get affection. If you give affection to a dog jumping all over yourself or company, this will reward the behavior.